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鐵凝《土墻上的劃痕》中英文對照
時 間:2019-05-25 21:19:14  瀏覽次數:0   杭州中譯翻譯有限公司·杭州濱江翻譯公司·專業翻譯機構

  作家成功的路徑千差萬別,但有兩點是他們必備的,那就是愛與意志。

  There are various ways for writers to reach success. But two factors are essential for them to do so – love and strong will.

  很多年前,一位年老的女作家給我講起過她的初戀。那是中國的抗日戰爭年代,她是八路軍中一名14歲的戰士。她暗戀著一個大她幾歲的士兵,當時他們的部隊駐扎在一個村子里。一天那士兵被派去前線,她和戰友們去送。她知道他可能一去不回,卻沒有能力也沒有勇氣說出她心中洶涌的愛和巨大的悲傷。她就那么走在人群后邊,沿著村口一戶農民家的院墻一直到村外。那是中國北方農村常見的一種"干打壘"土墻,她一路走著,一邊用大拇指在土墻上深深劃著,一直劃到墻盡頭,一直到那士兵消失在原野上。后來,那士兵犧牲了,女孩每天都到村口去看土墻上被她劃出的那條長長的深痕。

  Many years ago, an old woman writer told me about her first love. It was in the time of war against Japanese aggressors. She joined the Communist-led Eighth Route Army at the age of 14. The branch of troops to which she belonged stayed at a village. She was then secretly in love with a young soldier several years her senior. One day the soldier was sent to the front. She went with others to see him off. She knew it was quite possible that he would never return. She could not and dared not express the surging love and tremendous sorrow when she walked in the rear of the sending-off crowd. They went along the wall surrounding a farm house at the end of the village. It was a rammed-earth wall commonly seen in the north of China. As she walked, she subconsciously cut with the nail of her thumb on the wall, leaving a long line on it. The marked line stretched to the end of the wall, and seemingly went beyond it, disappearing into the fields where the back shadows of the soldier vanished. At last the news came of his death on the battlefield. The girl went every day to look at the line cut deep on the wall. It bore witness to her first love.

  半個多世紀過去了,年過80歲的女作家告訴我說,即使在今天,每當想起初戀,她的大拇指仍然會升騰起一種熾熱。我記住了那灼熱的大拇指,那是獨屬于這位女作家的簡樸而誠摯的愛。而這樣一種隱忍的純情,我相信不同民族的聽眾都能夠理解,因為這是人類的心靈能夠共同感受到的東西。

  Even today, more than 50 years later, as an 80-year-old writer she still felt hot at her thumb when she thought of her first love. I kept in mind the unique scorching-hot thumb that symbolizes the simple and pure love of the woman writer. This carefully-concealed pure love is something universal, capable to be felt and understood by every human mind, no matter what race or nationality it belongs to.

  當我在書桌前坐下拿起筆,有時會莫名其妙地想起這位作家的初戀故事。

  When I sit at my desk and pick up the pen, I'm often involuntarily reminded of the woman writer's first love. It sets me thinking a lot.

  進而相信,如果作家的語言和感情是不誠實的,如果作家是在做作,如果他是在寫他并不真正關心或相信的東西那么也沒有人會關心他的作品,不論那讀者是你的老鄉或者是生活在異邦。而當這種不愉快的景況出現時,我們決不能推卸責任搬地去怪罪"這都是全球化惹的禍"。"西方之上"或狹隘的民族主義對文學的發育和進步都沒有益處。在全球化的喧囂中,我們應該有勇氣重振愛與意志,寫下有體溫的字,如同那位女作家講述過的灼熱的拇指,那兒有生命的質感,有作家活生生的個人面目。

  If a writer is not honest about his language and feelings; if he is affected or put on an act; if what he writes is what he doesn't mind or believe his works will naturally not be cared for, no matter who the reader is, whether he is his fellow townsman or he lives in a foreign country. When this unpleasantness occurs, we should not shift responsibilities, blaming "All this is the fault of globalization". Neither the belief "The West is supreme" nor the narrow-minded nationalism will do anything good for literature's development and progress. In the clamor of globalization, we should have the courage to emphasize love and strong will, and be able to produce writings with physical warmth like the hot thumb told by that woman writer, a vivid expression of the writer's personal feelings.


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